General formatting Rules for MLA 8th edition
MLA 8th edition uses Core Elements to cite all types of sources.
Image source, MLA.org
Notable Changes from previous edition:
Date of Access
|Material Type||In Text Citation||Works Cited|
(Lewis and Hill 23-24)
(Tallett and Trim 112)
Lewis, Jon, and Joe Hill. American Film: A History. W.W. Norton, 2008.
Tallett, Frank, and David Trim, editors. European Warfare, 1350-1750. Cambridge
Nathanson, Mitchell. A People's History Of Baseball. 7th ed.,
University Illinois Press, 2012. eBook Academic Collection,
*[In this example, eBook Academic Collection (EBSCOhost) is the database and second container so it is italicized.]
Chapter/essay from a book
Chapter/essay from an eBook
Judd, Sandra. "Heart Attack." Cardiovascular Disorders Sourcebook,
Omigraphics, 2016, pp. 56-59.
Williams, Bill. "History of Tamales." Encyclopedia of Food, edited by
Sherry Miller, Random House Press, 2014, pp. 24-38.
McElroy, Mary. "Health Care Systems in the United States." The 1950s in America,
edited by John C. Super, Salem, 2005.
Salem Online, online.salempress.com.
"Aplastic Anemia." MedlinePlus, National Library of Medicine,
Brooks, Bucky. "Super Bowl LI: Five-Part Plan for Atlanta Falcons
to Win It All." NFL, 24 Jan. 2017,
[The MLA handbook recommends adding the URL for websites, however you should omit http:// or https:// from the URL]
[you can omit the name of the publisher when the title of the website is the same or similar to the name of its publisher (MLA p. 42)]
(magazines, newspapers, and journals)
(Kane et al.)
Kane, Kevin, et al. "Beyond Fragmentation at the Fringe: An
Analysis of Urban Land Cover in Phoenix." Applied
Geography, vol. 52, no. 2, Aug. 2014, pp. 123-134.
Entertainment Weekly, 12 Dec. 2015, pp. 20-23.
|Motion Picture||(Captain America: Civil War)||
Captain America: Civil War. Directed by Anthony Russo and Joe
Russo, performances by Chris Evans and Robert
Downey Jr., Marvel Studios, 2016.
|TV Show Episode||("Winds of Winter")||
"Winds of Winter." Game of Thrones, created by David Benioff and D.B. Weiss,
season 6, episode 10, HBO Productions, 2014.
|YouTube Video||("Real History")||
"Real History Behind Game of Thrones." YouTube, uploaded by Alp, 14
July 2016, youtu.be/Odw3Nxdqq4o.
|Video Game||(Sekiro: Shadows)||Sekiro: Shadows Die Twice. Playstation 4, FromSoftware, 2019.|
|Image, online||(Souza)||Souza, Pete. President Barack Obama Views the Hoover Dam.
2 Oct. 2012, photograph. Obama White House Archives,
7 July 2015, obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/blog/2015/07/07/day-